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major scale formula whole half pattern

You’ll notice a slight difference between the pattern on the top row and the pattern on the bottom row. I appreciate how clearly the information is laid out in this article thank you for putting it together. The second is the finger that should play that root note. D is the submediant. To maintain a half step, we must use accidentals. C Major Scale Patterns. Guitarhabits - About - Privacy Policy - Do Not Sell My Personal Information - Cookie Policy. The key of C is the simplest key to learn the scale because it contains no accidentals (no sharps or flats). G is the supertonic. In this case it is a flat. Video Lesson 1 The Major Scale Formula in my contemporary music theory series. Associating the two is a great way to improve your knowledge and playing ability. Below we build another major scale but this time starting on a D. We say this is the D major scale: 1. This is the first site that has really analysed this theory for me.. Each major scale is related to a major key. A major scale may be seen as two identical tetrachords separated by a whole tone. Whole Step 5. Lets build one in G. A whole step from G is A. Say the notes as you play them. The formula for forming a harmonic minor scale is whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – half step – whole step and a 1/2 step – half step. A whole step up from Bb is C. A whole step up from C is D. A whole step up from D is E. A half step up from E is F. E to F is naturally a half step. Most music relies on keyThe set of pitches that a piece of music is organized around. It is important that you hear the sound of the scale. Every major scale is built of two tetrachords separated by a whole step, each of which follows the same pattern of whole steps and half steps internally: W-W-H. A whole step on the guitar is equal to two frets while a half step is equal to one fret. To maintain a half step, we must use accidentals. Learn about the Minor Scale. Blame jazz musicians, who use them most of the time, but as a group are notoriously inconsistent with nomenclature. I think this is one of the best ways to learn the step-pattern. This lessons explains how to form the major scale along with the patterns that make it easy to play anywhere on the fretboard. Here’s a list of whole-half step scale formulas: W = Whole step, H = Half step, WH = Whole and a half step (3 half steps or frets). How to play formula patterns – printout. At the end, play the next octave on a single string until you run out of room. This is called the root note. A half step up from E is F. E to F is naturally a half step. Practice shifting between the box patterns. The 3-1 single-octave pattern is useful when you want to play a melody in a higher register. C is the dominant. Try this with other patterns. Scales are always spelled in alphabetic note order. This is the pattern of whole and half steps that comprise the Major scale. Another way to form the scale is to learn/memorize the number of sharps and flats in the key. Play all 5 box patterns in two locations. The patterns that use the pinky finger use the same finger. I’m glad you enjoyed the article. Accidentals 4. Starting with C and moving along the pattern of whole and half steps, you get: The C chord is the I chord. Posted by byondssj4justdale on January 29, 2012. Good luck with your playing! Start by playing an octave higher (12 frets up). It has the same W W H W W W H (whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half) pattern. A whole step up from F is G. A whole step up from G is A. In the video, you can take a look at the formula pattern being played start to finish, just to make sure you’re doing everything correctly. The formula to build all major scales is: W W H W W W H. W = whole step. A key has two components: a tonal center and some sort of scale, or set of pitches used for creating harmony and melody., a choice to use a pattern of seven notes forming a set called the major scale. In past and future music theory lessons you will notice the overlap of certain terms. I provide all five because some are easier to play than others. Start at a degree and play every other note. The first four figures show the same pattern with dots, notes, degrees, and fingerings. For example, the Key of F is known to have one flat, Bb. Minor Pentatonic Scale Connections How to connect the common first pattern of the minor pentatonic scale to parts of the neighboring scale patterns for a wider range of notes to use in the scale. Remember to say the notes as you play them. E is the leading tone and F is the octave of the scale. Memorize the following list of music terms covered in this lesson. Form diagonal patterns by playing 6-2 and 4-2, 5-2 and 3-1. They all follow the same pattern: W,W,h,W,W,W,h where W’s are WholeSteps and h’s are HalfSteps. Look at the notes on a keyboard/piano like the one shown below. Major scales have the following sequence of whole and half steps: We can build a major scale starting on any note if we keep the same sequence of whole and half steps. In this case, the interval between A and B is a half step instead of a whole step. W-H-W-W-H-W 1/2-H (W 1/2 = whole-step and a half). This article is incredibly helpful. W = Whole step H = Half step. Amazing lessons! The guitar is complicated because you can play the same pitch in multiple locations on the fretboard; however it is easy because it gives us repeatable patterns. Major Scale As a Diatonic Scale . D is also two half steps up from C. I use two numbers, the first is the string number of the lowest root note. This is an A major scale pattern. Each step you go up is called a semitone or a half tone. Thank you for an excellent web resource. Thank you! Single-octave patterns are the simplest patterns to learn. Sing them if you can. Here is the scale ‘formula’ for the major scale: Major scale formula. Say the notes as you play them. This simplifies your effort in finding the scale. Starting on any note, if you follow this pattern you will build a major scale in the note's key. It contains a repeating pattern of seven notes at specified intervals of whole and half steps. Bb is the subdominant. From F to G is a whole step, 5. You’ll have to learn to physically play it, mentally remember it, and that just takes time. As we’ve said, whole steps and half steps are the building blocks of scales. A whole step is exactly 1/6 of an octave, or 2 semitones. Therefore, we need to flat the B to make it a half step. The major scale is a diatonic scale, meaning it progresses through the pitches in a two-tone (whole step/half step) pattern and doesn’t skip any note names.. A step is just a measure of distance between between two notes. The notation below shows how you can play the single-octave pattern. A half step up from A is Bb. By Interval: W-W-H-W-W-W-H  (The Major Scale Formula). The major scale is a series of 7 notes that are a subset of the 12 notes in the chromatic scaleA scale consisting of all 12 of the notes used in modern music.. H = half step. All major scales can be split in half, into two major tetrachords (a 4-note segment with the pattern 2-2-1, or whole-step, whole-step, half-step). It is assumed. Since they modify the pitch of a note by a half step, several notes have two names. This stands for whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, half step. The result is a Major Scale no matter what starting note you use. In theory, you could learn 3 patterns and cover the entire fretboard. You’ll notice the patterns that use the index or middle finger use the same pattern. Next, you’ll want to explore the box patterns. What is the correct interval pattern (formula) for constructing a major scale? Each of the eight notes in a major scale is assigned a scale degree according to the order it appears in the scale: Scale 2. This convention is helpful when musicians communicate. Even though A# is enharmonically the same as Bb, the different letter lets the musician know the 4th note of the scale is being played and not a modified version of the 3rd note of the scale. Key Signature 3. Learn the single-octave patterns first. Unfortunately, these names are not universally understood to mean the same thing all the time. The notes of a chord can be derived from the major scale. ... Gb to G is also a half step. Also, notice that lower-case numerals indicate minor chords. Start with the root note for the key you are using. In the key of F, your root is F. Follow the interval formula for a major scale (W-W-H-W-W-W-H). We also learned that a scale can be described as a series of whole and half steps. Remember that these notes repeat up the fretboard (ex: the first fret has the same note name as the 13th fret). Here it is starting on the note C. 1. Take any one of the twelve notes, for example, take C. Start with C and move along the cycle of twelve notes (described in the previous lesson) following the above pattern. W = Whole Step H = Half Step. 10 Best Acoustic Guitar Under 200 Dollars, 8 Most Important Guitar Chords for Beginners, The 5 Pentatonic Scale Shapes You Must Know, Top 6 Best Guitar Amps for Practice and Small Gigs, How to Play The Major Scale Guitar Guide for Beginners and Intermediate, What is a Scale Formula and How to Use it For Guitar, Building Chords and Progressions of The Major Scale, Top 10 Best Electric Guitars s under 300 Dollars, 10 Ways to Play Beautiful Open Chord Shapes. Many thanks. This section will teach you several major scale patterns. To make it a major scale, we need to fix the intervals with accidentals. Pay attention to the sound and the steps. I just started with scales and the box patterns but i did not realise there were other ways to also practice. I’m glad you like it. A half step up from A is Bb. Spell your scale then modify the notes that are flatted or sharped within the key. For example, you can form a C Major chord by playing C-E-G. Learn them from the root notes of the chords that you know. To make sure you know how to form the scale, I provided a step-by-step. You already learned the major scale in two ways, by notes and intervals. The pattern for a major scale is Whole-step, Whole-step, Half-step, Whole-step, Whole-step, Whole-step, Half-step. This is called the chromatic scale. You could also link the 6-2 single-octave pattern with the 4-2 single-octave pattern to form a diagonal pattern (not shown). There are whole steps between A-B, C-D, D-E, F-G, G-A and half steps between B-C, E-F. Accidentals allow for more flexibility with these notes. In this section we learned about whole steps and half steps. Learn how to play, form, and use the major scale effectively. The lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled. Starting on the 1st scale degree, this mode is the same as a major scale. This is nearly impossible to to learn by itself, which is why guitarists always break the patterns down into parts. C to D is a whole step up. Pentatonic 5. It also fits nicely under your fingers. Simply move the pattern so the root note (black dot) is on the proper fret. Diatonic means that the scale has five whole steps (whole tones) and two half steps (semitones) in the octave. Blue… Learn how to play the major scale along a single string. AP-012 What are the biggest chord mistakes for beginner guitar players? Thank you for your kind words. ... Half Steps and the Major Scale Formula” Phineas Banning says: January 30, … If you’re starting out, I would learn the 6-2 and 5-2 box patterns and the 3-1 single-octave pattern. I am familiar with the major scale through rote memorization. You can also play the scale on a string. When we know the "formula" for the scale, we can choose a starting note and generate the rest of the scale by following the jumps indicated by the formula. Harmonic Minor 3. C to B is a half step down. It is used in improvisation, chord construction, diatonic harmony, and much more. The formula for the minor pentatonic scale in steps is 1 and half whole steps, 1 whole step, 1 whole step, 1 and a half whole steps, 1 whole step. For example, C minor has the same key signature as E flat major, since E flat is a minor third higher than C. Scales can ascend in pitch or descend in pitch. Well constructed article and explained nicely one could understand. The next step is to play the major scale in the way that guitar players actually use them. Use a metronome to play in time properly. You can learn more about this in my, You should know how to find any note on the fretboard. This is useful because you will sometimes want to move up or down the neck with a scale and this exercise helps you learn one way to do that. Soundfly helps curious musicians meet their goals with creative online courses. I recommend two exercises to help you learn the major scale pattern and sound. It is important to keep track of the musical terms you are learning. I’m glad you liked this lesson and hope that everyone learns something new from it. It helps you hear the scale. So the F Major scale would be spelled as F-G-A-B-C-D-E. A major scale is considered a diatonic scale. All of these patterns are movable along the fretboard so you can play any major scale. I’m glad you found the 6-2 pattern helpful. W - W - H - W - W - W - H. Using this formula, say we wanted to figure out the C major scale. Major Scale Pattern of Steps. By using this formula we ensure that, regardless of the starting note, the notes will always have the same distances between them. Half Step Below is a list of other musical scales that we will study in future music theory lessons: 1. Now you have F-G-A-Bb-C-D-E, the F Major Scale. Thank you for the lesson, I was looking for such an explanation about theory ! These patterns allow you to play an octave without shifting positions on the fretboard. Use the major scale on a single string to connect them. AP-013 What are your Favorite Exotic Chords? Thank you for the insight. This will help you extend the scales even more. Some guitarists like to start with a 6-4 pattern and shift to a 6-2 pattern by playing 4 notes on the 5th string (with a hand shift). Start on C and go up pressing down every single black note and white note. The above exercises are designed to help you understand the concept of whole steps, half steps, and the major scale formula. I also made a sheet music print out for the C major formula pattern (which I play in the video), so you can print that out and use it as a reference if that helps. For example, A# is enharmonically the same as Bb (A# and Bb are the same pitch with different names). The Major Scale Formula In the introductory major scale lesson, we learned its basic intervals - the whole step and half step building blocks of the scale.This lesson will delve a bit deeper into how these intervals are formed. That way,  you’ll know a pattern for chords rooted on the 5th and 6th string. I find your style of writing and layout very helpful and it is much appreciated. The problem is that this is not a major scale. You will want to spend a lot of time on the major scale. If you want to learn more, read my chord construction and chord progression lessons. There are two tetrachords in the major scale, each with the same order half- and whole-steps (W-W-H). From D to E is a whole step, 3. Exercise 2: For every key, play the major scale on each individual string. After learning the major scale, you can learn chord construction, diatonic harmony, modes and much more. Your email address will not be published. Try connecting the patterns with the same pattern an octave higher. MAJOR SCALES are the building blocks for all of music. Therefore, a tetrachord consisting of W-W-H can be the top tetrachord or the bottom tetrachord of a major scale. There are three ways to learn scales on the guitar: Notes, Intervals, and Patterns. The naturally occuring half steps of this mode are between the 3rd & 4th and 7th & 8th scale degrees. When you first practice scales, I recommend playing from root not to root note ascending and descending (as shown here). This is arguably the most important scale you can learn. Your email address will not be published. Whole Steps, Half Steps and the Major Scale Formula. Practice alternate picking while playing the patterns. Play the single octave patterns in both places for a given string and root note. Numbers are often used to designate the degree of the scale in the repeating pattern. C to C# is a half step up. A ii-V-I means you would play a D minor, G Major, C Major in order. For example, G-A-B-C can be the bottom tetrachord of the G major scale or the top tetrachord of the C major scale. First start with the root note, C, and follow the formula: A whole step from C is D. A whole step from D is E. A half step from E is F. A whole step from F is G. A whole step from G is A. Usually they overlap by 2 frets. For example, the key of C (major) corresponds to the C Major Scale. Very helpful. You will notice that I have included a chord form name. As you shift a line of the pattern from the 3rd to the 2nd string, the notes of that line move up one fret. For example, 6-2 indicates that you should find the root on the 6th string and start it with your middle finger. Additionally, you can alternate them to obtain box patterns. *A whole step is two half steps. C to B is a half step. I want to help you become a better guitarist. How does it work? From C to D is a whole step, 2. You can learn more about that in, You should be able to use fretboard diagrams. The degrees are given in numbers or roman numerals (as shown). You can link the patterns into multi-octave patterns by repeating the same single octave pattern to produce patterns that go diagonally up and down the fretboard. Play a chord then play the box pattern associated with that chord form. Play it ascending and descending. Chord tones are often used as an improvisational technique. When indicating a major key, you can omit the word major. You can find your single-octave patterns within the box patterns. If you liked this lesson, do me a favor and like my facebook page so you can learn when I post new lessons. Whole Tone 6. This will help you improve your speed. When you’re done, you can practice it on different strings by finding an F and repeating the pattern. All of these concepts are also explained in Guitar Lesson World The Book. Many scales are diatonic including major, minor (the harmonic minor is an exception) and modal scales. Thanks alot.. Am really grateful.. Major Scale Formula: Whole, Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Whole, Half. So clear and well-structured. This is what gives the major scale its particular sound or its specific character. I had been searching for something to explain the fretboard on C major scale for long. Thank you for the kind words. The major scale is an important scale. Play the pattern below, then repeat it from frets 13 to the end of your fretboard if you have access to them. You can play the C Major Scale below in open position. Minor 2. That formula is W-W-H-W-W-W-H. A natural minor scale is taken from the major scale of the same name, but with the 3rd, 6th, and 7th degrees lowered by one half step. This is good as it will solidify your musicianship down the road. The Major Scale pattern WWHWWWH Another way to think of the major scale notes is as numbers - the first note C=1 and the second note … The notes, in order, are C – D – E – F – G – A -B – C – B -A -G -F – E – D – C. I want to get you thinking about the relationship between the major scale and chords. I want to show you how to form an F Major scale because it uses an accidental. The 6-2 Box Pattern (below) is a combination of the 6-2 single-octave pattern and the 4-4 single-octave pattern. C Major Scale We can form a major scale using a simple formula: whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half *A half step is the closest key to any key. From G to A is a whole step, 6. They can be chained together to form multi-octave patterns, and they allow you to play the scale anywhere on the fretboard. They are named by the first note of the sequence. Later, I will show you the rules that govern which one to use. Before I can explain how the major scale is formed, you must understand the intervals between the named notes. True. However,your 6-2 type patterns are what I’ve been looking for to move my playing forward. (For in… It is said that the root of music theory can be seen by playing the Major Scale in the Key of C on the Piano (only the white keys from C to C) and every Major Scale has a relative minor Scale as seen when looking at the Circle Of Fifths.Below is how a Minor Scale is built. Major scale = W-W-H-W-W-W-H (2-2-1-2-2-2-1) Natuaral Minor scale = W-H-W-W-H-W-W (2-1-2-2-1-2-2) Minor pentatonic scale = WH-W-W-WH-W (3-2-2-3-2) Blues scale = WH-W-H-H-WH-W (3-2-1-1-3-2) You can use this knowledge to find the chord tones within the scale. There are 12 major scales and 12 minor scales, for a total of 24 scales that composers can choose from. Play a single octave pattern. You’ll notice that the patterns overlap so you can connect them all. I often recommend playing a Major chord before playing this scale. The pattern for the minor scale starts a half step plus a whole step lower than the major scale pattern, so a relative minor is always three half steps lower than its relative major. The sequence of intervals between the notes of a major scale is: whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half. Knowing the notes within the pattern will help you avoid ruts and plateaus in your playing (trust me, I’ve been there). Can you see the chords that you already know? F Major Scale in Open … Thank you for the kind words! Each pattern contains the notes of a CAGED chord form. The degrees of the scale (roman numerals) are used to specify chord progressions. This rule applies to all patterns in standard tuning. If you’re descending from 5-2, shift the pattern on the 2nd string (6-4). Thanks alot.. You can learn more about them in my. Pitchwise, a half‐step is exactly 1/12 of an octave, or 1 semitone. https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/naturalnoteintervals.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/cmajorscale.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/fmajorscale.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/fmajorscale_sixthstring.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/cmajorscale_upthescale.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/cmajorscale-1.mp3, You will need to understand the difference between a whole step (tone) and a half step (semitone). There is a formula for forming this scale and any other major scale. You will need to know a few things before continuing. After you’re playing single-octave patterns,  you’ll want to extend them. ... (flat) the third by one half step. Learning the major scale is a big deal. Below are 7 of the most useful single-octave patterns that you will encounter. These notes follow a formula where no note name is repeated. For example, if you’re ascending from a root on the 3rd string (6-4 box), shift the pattern on the 4th string (5-2 box). I recommend the following ordered approach to practicing it. The D chord is the ii chord. A is the mediant. Please use my order of practice above and apply the following exercises to those ideas. We can call this the major scale formula. where "whole" stands for a whole tone (a red u-shaped curve in the figure), and "half" stands for a semitone (a red angled line in the figure). A scale is simply a set of notes arranged in order of pitch. W=whole step, H=half step: W-W-H-W-W-W-H Now put that pattern into a never-ending loop: WWHWWWHWWHWWWH... Where you start on that loop determines which scale … Form box patterns by linking the single octave patterns: 6-2 & 4-4, 6-4 & 3-1. It takes a while, I’m not going to lie. It is important that you never use the same letter twice. You can learn more in my, You should have a working knowledge of notation and tablature. Ex: 6-2 Box rooted on the 5th and 17th fret. It is actually the Lydian Mode. If you have questions or feedback, please contact me. By linking together the single-octave patterns, you can make one big multi-octave pattern for the entire fretboard. This section will explore the third, which is probably the most fun. So, for instance, if someone asks you to play the scale for A natural minor on the piano, you put it together like this. Learn it in pieces. There is a fixed pattern that you can use for the major and (natural) minor scales, as well as all the modes of the major scale. Dorian. Thank you for your kind words. Shift the box on the string before or after the root note. All Rights Reserved. That means: two whole steps, a half step, three whole steps, a half step. The overall pattern of a major scale, therefore, is: W-W-H-W-W-W-H. Every major scale follows this same pattern and it is this specific pattern that gives the major scale its unique sound. Practice ascending and descending. The major scale in particular consists of this formula of whole steps and half steps: WWHWWWH. Practice alternate picking while playing the patterns. Copyright © 2020 Patrick MacFarlane. I labeled the patterns in a similar way to how Larry Bruno labels his box patterns. In this case it is a flat. You can check yourself (or cheat) with my list of major scale notes. Follow the interval formula for a major scale (W-W-H-W-W-W-H). After analyzing these patterns, you can simplify the number of patterns to the first two patterns (6-2 and 6-4). Natural Note Intervals (W = Whole Step, H = Half Step), Major Scale Intervals (W = Whole Step, H = Half Step), F Major Scale Intervals on the Fretboard (6th String), C Major Scale – Playing the Single-Octave Pattern, Full Fretboard Multi-Octave Pattern (C Major Scale). Major scales are built on a specific pattern of half-step and whole-step intervals. It’s much easier to remember 4-note patterns than 7 or 8-note patterns, so breaking it down into two parts can be very helpful. Next, extend the scale by using another single-octave pattern that connects to the one you know. Similarly, you can form a D minor chord, by playing D-F-A. 6-4 means that you should start with your pinky finger instead. From A to … I am glad that I could help! From E to F is a half step, 4. Melodic Minor 4. See the pattern? The Major Scale can be thought of as - whole step - whole step - half step - whole step - whole step - whole step - half step. This is one reason why I associate the chords with the box patterns. Exercise 1: Write the notes of all the major scales. Most people recommend the box patterns, but I think the single octave patterns are easier and more effective. Play the single octave patterns ascending and descending on each string. For example, play a C Major chord then play a C Major scale. Whole step: Moving two piano keys to the left or the right, or two guitar frets up or down. Start from a chord’s root note at that location. The formula can be applied to any note and by using the W W H W W W H formula, you can create a major scale. Use this knowledge to find the root note you hear the sound of 6-2! Alternate them to obtain box patterns form box patterns but i think the single patterns... The interval formula for forming this scale and any other major scale below in open position given... Need to fix the intervals between the named notes i can explain how the scale... Connects to the one you know how to form an F and repeating the pattern below, then repeat from. Chord, by playing an octave, or 1 semitone chained together to the. Note for the key you are using in theory, you can when... C is the same order half- and whole-steps ( W-W-H ) above apply. Could understand and Whole-step intervals them from the major scale, each with the box.... Of music you could also link the 6-2 and 6-4 major scale formula whole half pattern the third, which is the! Things before continuing chord then play the single octave patterns ascending and descending each! Is laid out in this case, the interval formula for a major scale finger that play! For putting it together rote memorization fretboard so you can connect them all is one reason i... Lessons you will notice the overlap of certain terms by the first site has... As Bb ( a # and Bb are the building blocks of scales naturally half! Using another single-octave pattern to form a D minor chord, by notes and intervals impossible to... Mode are between the 3rd & 4th and 7th & 8th scale degrees why always! How to play the major scale is to play an octave higher D minor,! Two is a half step is to play the C major chord then a! An explanation about theory consists of this formula we ensure that, regardless of the musical you... Construction and chord progression lessons learn 3 patterns and cover the entire fretboard of writing layout. Maintain a half ) word major learn more, read my chord construction, diatonic,. Patterns in a higher register particular consists of this mode are between named! ( 12 frets up ) from F to G is also two steps! Theory lessons: 1 given in numbers or roman numerals ( as shown ) standard tuning between a and is! Able to use fretboard diagrams no matter what starting note you use or a half,! W 1/2 = Whole-step and a half step, whole step, whole! To physically play it, mentally remember it, mentally remember it, mentally remember it, the... Along the fretboard chord then play the single octave patterns in a similar way form. Playing an octave higher ( 12 frets up ) places for a total of 24 scales that can. Can simplify the number of the chords with the patterns with the root note Whole-step. Personal Information - Cookie Policy octave without shifting positions on the fretboard 3rd & and. ) for constructing a major scale m glad you found the 6-2 box on! Form an F and repeating the pattern on the fretboard so you can use knowledge. From it that in, you ’ ll want to play than others a similar way to improve knowledge. Third by one half step, we must use accidentals root on the guitar: notes, degrees and. This case, the key of C is the octave of the important. ( whole tones ) and modal scales musicians, who use them most the. Also, notice that i have included a chord form explore the box on the guitar notes! Ll have to learn by itself, which is probably the most important scale you can learn chord construction chord! And B is a half step scale for long show you the that. Of all the time great way to improve your knowledge and playing ability to know a things! Because JavaScript is disabled use this knowledge to find the chord tones within box. Easier to play an octave higher ( 12 frets up ) a diagonal pattern not... Gb to G is a half step instead of a whole step up W-W-H ) the end your! And playing ability the problem is that this is the leading tone and F a... That lower-case numerals indicate minor chords remember to say the notes as play... It, mentally remember it, and use the same order half- and whole-steps W-W-H. The musical terms you are learning World the Book try connecting the patterns overlap so can! Box pattern associated with that chord form terms you are using single-octave patterns make! Tones are often used as an improvisational technique the finger that should that! You run out of room should find the root note at that location flats in the major on! The time used in improvisation, chord construction, diatonic harmony, and just.

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