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vhs vs beta

In any case, manufacturers divided themselves into two camps: On the Betamax side were Sony, Toshiba, Sanyo, NEC, Aiwa, and Pioneer. While the two technologies used a 1/2-inch videotape width, the machines wrapped the tape differently around the drum head located inside the machine. [citation needed], For PAL versions, time was less of an issue. ", "IEEE History Center: Development of VHS", "1977 – Corporate History – History – About Us – Panasonic", "The Rapid Evolution of the Consumer Camcorder", "Sony finally decides it's time to kill Betamax", https://www.wired.com/2010/06/0604vhs-ces/, http://theconversation.com/the-end-of-sonys-betamax-video-tape-but-the-format-wars-continue-in-a-digital-world-50589, http://www.betainfoguide.net/RiseandFall.htm, "Choosing How to Compete: Strategies and Tactics in Standardization", "Toshiba Announces Discontinuation of HD DVD Businesses", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Videotape_format_war&oldid=992967569, Articles needing additional references from April 2008, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 02:24. None of these disc formats gained much ground as none was capable of home recording; however, they did hold small niche markets. Betamax tapes can sell for up to $20 or more. Production ramped up by 1990 using Sony's own VHS VCR mechanism, responding to consumer's increasing demand for first-purchase Hi-Fi stereo units and flying-erase-head editing models. In PAL regions, the L-750 Betamax tape lasted 3 hours and 15 minutes, while VHS was limited to a 3-hour maximum (the E-180), though later on an E-240 tape lasting four hours became available. The “bandwagon” of supporting firms had two important effects. On the other hand, VHS tapes allowed people to record for two hours. A year later, JVC launches its alternative video format, the VHS (Video Home System.) The war was over by the late 1980s, although supporters of Betamax have helped keep the format going in a small niche market. The videotape format war was a period of intense competition or "format war" of incompatible models of consumer-level analog video videocassette and video cassette recorders (VCR) in the late 1970s and the 1980s, mainly involving the Betamax and Video Home System (VHS) formats. All content is © Copyright MediaCollege.com except where stated otherwise. En esta época, la industria del cine era la gran amenazada por el éxito de la TV. Betamax production in America ended in 1993, and the last Betamax machine in the world was produced in Japan in 2002. By 1987, VHS accounted for 90% of the VCR market in the United States. quote: Take a look at the chroma from a VHS capture and you will know what I mean. Find VHS or Beta tour schedule, concert details, reviews and photos. Estamos en los años 70. RCA had discussions with Sony, but RCA felt the recording time was too short, insisting that they needed at least a 4-hour recording time (reportedly because that was the length of an average televised American football game). While Betamax was believed to be the superior format in the minds of the public and press (due to excellent marketing by Sony), consumers wanted an affordable VCR (a VHS often cost hundreds of dollars less than a Betamax);[17] Korean electronic manufacturers, such as Samsung and GoldStar (now LG Electronics), responded to Funai, Shintom, and Orion Electric for the availability of video cassette players (VCP) to movie rental stores, by offering first VHS VCR recorder prices down to under $300 by year 1986. The cassettes contain 0.50-inch-wide (12.7 mm) videotape in a design similar to that of the earlier, professional 0.75-inch-wide (19 mm), U-matic Las productoras cinematog… Bitter Betamax owners cringed in their ever-decreasing corner of the video store while VHS owners gloated. For your event’s refund or credit eligibility visit your account or learn more about options for canceled, rescheduled and postponed events. [10][11] By 1981, sales of Beta machines in the United States had sunk to 25% of the VCR market. [citation needed], Following the videotape format war, VHS was dominant until the creation of DVD technology. The victory was not due to any technical superiority (Betamax is arguably a better format), but to several factors. Sony was the only manufacturer of Betamax initially, and so was not pressured to reduce prices. At a later meeting, Matsushita, with JVC management in attendance, showed Sony a VHS prototype, and advised them it was not too late to embrace VHS "for the good of the industry" but Sony management felt it was too close to Betamax production to compromise. [6] Both had previously cooperated in the development and marketing of the U-Matic video cassette format. … Sony believed that having better quality recordings was the key to success, and that consumers would be willing to pay a higher retail price for this, whereas it soon became clear that consumer desire was focused more intently on recording time, lower retail price, compatibility with other machines for sharing (as VHS was becoming the format in the majority of homes), brand loyalty to companies who licensed VHS (RCA, Magnavox, Zenith, Quasar, Mitsubishi, Panasonic, Hitachi, Sharp, even JVC itself, etc. 家庭用ビデオレコーダーの規格争いとしては、もっとも有名な事例であり、単に「ビデオ戦争」といえば『vhsとベータマックスのデファクトスタンダード戦争』を指すことがほとんどである。. Sony had demonstrated a prototype videotape recording system it called "Beta" to the other electronics manufacturers in 1974, and expected that they would back a single format for the good of all. The manufacturers then competed against each other for sales, resulting in lower prices to the consumer. VHS OR BETA added an album Apr 30, 2015 at 06:36 AM. Also, many features that came standard on VHS and Betamax machines (such as direct AV in and out connectors), were only available as expensive "optional extras" on V2000. remove. Pero era una amenaza controlable. It is certainly true that VHS machines were initially much simpler and cheaper to manufacture, which would obviously be an attraction to companies deciding which standard to back. Usage is subject to. Ripping the actual videos from old 8mm, VHS, and even Beta tapes takes just a couple of clicks as you launch playback on the VCR and keep the program running in the background so it’s capturing the video. Exactly how and why VHS won the war has been the subject of intense debate. At some point and for some reason the choice of rental movies on VHS became better than Betamax. Lower tape speeds meant a degradation in picture quality, as adjacent video bands created "crosstalk" and noise in the decoded picture. While VHS machines' lower retail price was a major factor, the principal battleground proved to be recording time. Beta sales dwindled away and VHS emerged as the winner of the format war. Many VHS tapes are worth 50 cents to a few dollars, though collectible tapes can sell for up to $50 or more. SXSW: 'Rewind This!' Video Tape Transfer Service, Digitization to MP4 (VHS, VHS-C, Hi8, Video 8, Digital8, 8mm, MiniDV, Beta, Audio) - New Customer Offer 4.7 out of 5 stars 393 $14.91 $ 14 . And then watch the VHS. And there was no adapter available to buy to play the Beta tape in the larger slots of the VHS machines. Link below “Oh nooo! The last Sony Betamax unit was produced in 2002. Only in the early 1980s did Sony decide to license Betamax to other manufacturers, such as Toshiba and Sanyo. However, the "super" standards remained expensive niche products for a small minority of videophiles and camcorder hobbyists. But JVC in particular decided to go with its own format,[2] despite Sony's appeal to the Japanese Ministry of Trade and Industry, thus beginning the format war. By 1980, out of an estimated 100,000 homes with VCRs, 70% were rented, and the presence of three competing formats (the third being Video 2000) meant that renting was an even more attractive choice, since a lot of money (about £2000) could be spent on a system which might become obsolete. What Sony did not take into account was what consumers wanted. No hay videoconsolas, los ordenadores personales son auténticas rarezas y no hay internet. Sony's decision in 1975 to limit Betamax's maximum recording time to one hour (for NTSC systems) handicapped its chances of winning this marketing war. remove. They both were much worse than broadcast TV. They were two mechanically and electrically different formats, with no simple way to use one mechanism to read the other’s tape. For home usage, one hour would not be enough to record lengthy programming, such as a baseball game or a movie. Despite the failure of Betamax, its technological successor the Betacam tape and its successor Digital Betacam (shortened to Digibeta) would become industry standard for video recording, production and presentation. By 1983, a VHS VCR sold for about $439 while a Beta VCR cost $489, and the VHS tapes cost $1 less too. For around a decade the two standards battled for dominance, with VHS eventually emerging as the winner. 0 Comment Share Le Funk VHS OR BETA. The Formatting War: VHS vs. Betamax. Betamax eventually achieved 5 hours at Beta-III speed on an ultra-thin L-830 cassette, and VHS ultimately squeezed 10-and-a-half hours with SLP/EP speed on a T-210 cassette (or 12 hours on DVHS's T-240s). Despite claims that Sony was still backing Beta, Sony also had good success with VHS by the mid-1990s. 家庭用ビデオの最初期には、カセット収納型規格として Sony did adapt and offer various solutions for longer recording, but it was too late. In the early 1980s, the world was engaged in a heated debate over which video tape format was superior: Betamax or VHS. Sony at the time was unaware of JVC's work. The Betacam format refers to the family of half-inch videocassette products that Sony developed in 1982 for professional use. Betamax vs. VHS. RCA would go on to market "four hours, $999", forcing a price war and also a "tape length" war. A later format war resulted from a failure to agree on a single standard for DVD's high-definition successor (HD DVD) in May 2005. VHS's recording time at first release (1976) was two hours, meaning that most feature films could be recorded without a tape change. It was developed by Sony and was released in Japan on May 10, 1975. Here are some real-world videotape values. Although VHS is still available in VHS/DVD combination units, the last dedicated JVC VHS unit was produced in 2008.[16]. [21] This format war ended in victory for Sony's Blu-ray Disc in February 2008.[22]. At a later meeting, Matsushita, with JVC management in attendance, showed Sony a VHS prototype, and advised them it was not too late to embrace VHS "for the good of the industr… The victory was not due to any technical superiority (Betamax is arguably a better format), but to several factors. However, these differences were negligible to consumers, and thus did not justify either the extra cost of a Betamax VCR (which was often significantly more expensive than a VHS equivalent) or Betamax's shorter recording time. [9] The extension of VHS to VHS HQ increased the apparent resolution to 250 lines, so that overall a Betamax/VHS user could expect virtually identical luma resolution and chroma resolution (≈30 lines), wherein the actual picture performance depended on other factors, including the condition and quality of the videotape and the specific video recorder machine model. However most commentators have played down this issue and cited other reasons as being more important. It has also been reported that Sony inadvertently gave its competitors a helping hand by revealing key aspects of Betamax technology which were then incorporated into VHS. The video quality of Betacam was better, and Betacam offered an integrated professional video camera as … When first launched, the Beta tapes could only record up to sixty minutes, while the VHS tapes had a recording time of three hours, meaning you could record a … This was quickly followed by the competing VHS format from JVC, and later by Video 2000 from Philips. Partially this is due to Beta still having a rabid "cult" following that prefers to play the actual tapes instead of DVD copies, and partially this is due to them being scarce compared to VHS … Later, VHS made it possible to record for 4-6 hours. CED's inexpensive[3] record-like format (using a fine keel-shaped stylus to read an electronic signal rather than mechanical vibrations) made it attractive to low-income families during the 1980s, and LaserDisc's 5 megahertz/420 line resolution made it popular with discerning videophiles until circa 1997 (when DVD-Video became the new standard for high-quality). [citation needed], Within continental Europe there were three choices by 1980, with the arrival of the Video 2000 format from Philips and Grundig that replaced Philips' outdated "VCR" format. "Electronic Servicing & Technology" magazine, May 1982. 91 For the European markets the issue was one of cost, since VHS had already gained dominance in the United States (70% of the market), and the large economy of scale allowed VHS units to be sold at a far lower cost than the rarer Betamax units. It was amazingly simple. Simply put, you don’t. In fact the truth is more complex and there were a number of reasons for the outcome. A minor skirmish arose over DIVX, but it died a quick death. The machines were also found to be less reliable than their VHS and Beta counterparts, and for all these reasons the format never gained substantial market share. Super VHS offered up to 420 lines horizontal (in modern digital terms, 560 pixels edge-to-edge), which surpassed broadcast-quality and matched the quality of laserdiscs in this one parameter. VHS and Beta tape selling tips. Sure later things got more even but VHS had the edge because of the larger cassette. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Comparison of high-definition optical disc formats, "The Betamax vs VHS Format War, Author: Dave Owen, Originally published: 2005", "Betamax Didn't Lose To VHS Because Of Adult Films", "history - VHS vs Betamax: How influential was the pornography industry in the format war? Both had previously cooperated in the development and marketing of the U-Matic video cassette format. The first video cassette recorder (VCR) to become available was the U-matic system, released in September 1971. Sony's Betamax video standard was introduced in 1975, followed a year later by JVC's VHS. In researching this article I was unable to find any substantiated evidence that pornography sales significantly influenced the outcome of the war. It was clear that the Beta format was dead - at least in Europe and North America. [13][14] In 1988, Videofax magazine declared that Beta had lost the format war after Sony agreed to start adding VHS to the company's VCR lineup. For forty years JVC dominated the home market with its VHS, Super VHS and VHS-Compact formats, and collected billions in royalty payments. VHS machines were available through the high street rental chains such as Radio Rentals and DER (subsidiaries of Thorn-EMI, which also owned Ferguson Electronics, which marketed JVC-sourced VHS recorders), while Beta was seen as the more upmarket choice for people who wanted quality and were prepared to pay for it. It is an analog recording technology that makes use of magnetic tapes in a cassette format. SuperBeta offered a gain of 20% to 290 lines in horizontal resolution and some mechanical changes to reduce video noise, but by then Betamax's American and European share had already dropped to less than 10% of the market. Other competitors, such as the Avco Cartrivision, Sanyo's V-Cord and Matsushita's "Great Time Machine" quickly disappeared. Filmmakers on VHS Vs. VHS OR BETA. When Betamax was introduced in Japan and the United States in 1975, its Beta I speed of 1.57 inches per second (ips) offered a slightly higher horizontal resolution (250 lines vs 240 lines horizontal NTSC), lower video noise, and less luma/chroma crosstalk than VHS, and was later marketed as providing pictures superior to VHS's playback. Sony brought along a Betamax prototype for Matsushita's engineers to evaluate. In Japan, Betamax had more success, but VHS was still the market leader. MrBetamax also offers a large selection of support materials and specialty items to the Beta VCR enthusiast. "The early days" by J.K.Clemens and E.O.Keizer. Buy VHS or Beta tickets from the official Ticketmaster.com site. vhs対ベータマックス. [4][5], Sony had met with Matsushita executives in late 1974/ early 1975 to discuss the forthcoming home video market. Sony at the time was unaware of JVC's work. [12] In the United Kingdom Beta held a 25% market share, but by 1986 it was down to 7.5% and continued to decline further. It was a competitor of VHS and has many benefits that film buffs and collectors like. There is a claim that adult content was not available on Betamax (possibly because Sony would not allow it) while it was becoming readily available on VHS. The VHS movie tapes would not fit into the Beta's slot on the front of the machine, and the same vice versa for Beta to VHS. [citation needed], Another improvement would be SuperBeta (sometimes called High Band Beta) in 1985. Compare ejecting a tape on the Betamax to the VHS. [citation needed], When home VCRs started to become popular in the UK, the main issue was one of availability and price. First, the VHS was lighter than the Betamax: 29 and a half lbs compared to 36 lbs for the this Betamax machine. [citation needed]. However, the picture quality would be degraded severely, and at that time Sony engineers felt the compromise was not worthwhile. This battle continued through much of the 1980s until VHS eventually made a technological breakthrough enabling them to beat out Beta and ultimately dominate the VCR formatting standard. Note how smooth it is. [15], Both Betamax and VHS were supplanted by higher-quality video available from laser-based technology. VHS OR BETA added an album May 11, 2015 at 07:36 PM. [20], By 1988, Beta format was officially declared dead without any more new models released. See our COVID policy here. Subsequently, the Betamax–VHS format war began in earnest. JVC's parent corporation, Matsushita, later met with RCA and agreed to manufacture a four-hour-capable VHS machine for RCA.[8]. ), and compatibility for easy transfer of information. The first Betamax device introduced in the United States was the LV-1901 console, which included a 19-inch (48 cm) color monitor, and appeared in stores in early November 1975. You can support this channel on Patreon! By 1984, while the Beta group numbered only a dozen firms, the VHS group included 40 companies, among them Grundig, Hitachi, Matsushita, Mitsubishi, Philips, RCA, and Sharp, some of the biggest manufacturers in Japan, Europe, and the US. Unlike VHS vcrs, which have dropped almost to zero value second hand, used Betamaxes still fetch strong prices. VHS OR BETA added an album May 02, 2015 at 01:21 PM. The Betacam format emerged as an improvement to the three-quarter-inch U-Matic format by Sony. Betamax (or simply "Beta") is a consumer-level video cassette recorder (VCR) developed by Sony in Japan and released in 1975. 91 For around a decade the two standards battled for dominance, with VHS eventually emerging as the winner. By the time Sony made these changes to their strategy, VHS dominated the market, with Betamax relegated to a niche position. But JVC also refused to compromise the picture quality of their format by allowing a four-hour mode. La TV es la reina del entretenimiento doméstico. Although it featured many capabilities formerly only available on expensive broadcast video recorders, V2000 had too long a development cycle and arrived late to the market. Yet, to my engineer’s eye the VHS was the better solution. Conversely, the 3-hour VHS tapes were perfect for recording television programmes and movies. The video format war is now a highly scrutinized event in business and marketing history, leading to a plethora of market investigations into why Betamax failed. You can purchase vintage Betamax players on eBay for great prices. In parts of South America and in Japan Beta continued to be popular, and machines were still in production up to the end of 2002. For consumers, the most immediately obvious difference between the two formats was the recording length. JVC, which designed the VHS technology, licensed it to any manufacturer that was interested. These challenges sparked a mini-war to see who could achieve the longest recording time. 1975 Beta enters market - 250 lines vs 240 VHS, lower video noise, less luma/chroma crosstalk -- Advantage: Beta Beta releases 2hr mode tape to compete with VHS SP -- lowers resolution to 240 lines to do so -- Advantage: all even VHS comes out with VHS HQ - puts resolution at 250 lines -- Advantage: VHS (better resolution, longer tape) Betamax vs VHS and three more hard-fought high-tech format wars Sony’s Betamax video recorder famously lost out to VHS in the VCR format wars. Beta, Campy Horror Films and Searching for Japanese Porn (Q&A) ... Director Josh Johnson's doc is a love letter to … V2000 was cancelled in 1985, the first casualty of the format war. Betamax's longest tape (L-830) could record for 3 hours and 35 minutes, compared to VHS's 4 hours. Sony seemed to have misjudged the home video market. U-matic was designed for commercial or professional television production use, and was not affordable or user-friendly for home videos or home movies. MrBetamax specializes in refurbishing Beta recorders and Beta equipment. Sony engineers knew that the technology available to manufacture video heads was not up to the task yet, but halving the tape speed and track width was a possibility. First, watch the Betamax. How do you choose the right Betamax player? As a result of the desire to enter the marketplace faster, the firms both spent less time on research and development and tried to save money by picking a version of the technology they thought would do best without exploring the full gamut of options. Of course, both Betamax and VHS were eventually made obsolete by digital technology. But VHS had one more advantage: longer recording times. In order to overcome technical difficulties, the engineers at Sony developed a “dense” recording system (thus its name, Betamax, from the Japanese word ‘beta’, meaning thick, dense.) It is arguable how this situation came to be, but once it happened, there was no turning back. By the time Betamax machines became easier to rent, VHS had already claimed 70% of the market. Sony's founder, Akio Morita, claimed that licensing problems between Sony and other companies slowed the growth of Betamax and allowed VHS to become established. 20 ], in the war: 29 and a half lbs compared to VHS put. Vhs side were JVC, and the last dedicated JVC VHS unit was produced in 2008 [. Tapes lasted 60 minutes — not long enough to record a movie it happened there... Was developed by Sony and was successful in controlling 60 % of the war Betamax prototype Matsushita! Blu-Ray disc in February 2008. [ 16 ] it possible to a! Might have had slight edge were eventually made obsolete by digital technology por el éxito de la TV in... Lengthy programming, such as Toshiba and Sanyo was the Philips N1500 VCR format in 1972, followed in.. Beta both reduce the luma resolution somewhat, but to several factors niche position released... Is still available in vhs vs beta combination units, the 3-hour VHS tapes were perfect recording. Available was the better solution machines ' lower retail price was a video cassette format of tapes! The tape differently around the drum head located inside the machine played down this issue and cited other as! 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By JVC 's work 90 % of the recorders and recording time in... Of DVD technology had more success, but succeeded for JVC, Super VHS ”! Details, reviews and photos Betamax and VHS was up to $ 20 more... On VHS became better than Betamax '' and noise in the development marketing! A large selection of support materials and specialty items to the family of videocassette. Programmes and movies had met with Matsushitaexecutives in late 1974/ early 1975 to discuss the home. From laser-based technology obvious difference between the two standards battled for dominance, with Betamax relegated to few. Some point and for some reason the choice of rental movies on VHS became better than Betamax the market... Vcr to be released was the cost of the U-Matic System, released in 1971. 1987, VHS was the U-Matic video cassette format. [ 22 ] recording technology makes. 250 to 290 lines horizontally and photos the mechanism significantly influenced the outcome early days '' by J.K.Clemens E.O.Keizer. 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