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how big was the napier earthquake 1931

215 Hastings Street Napier 4110Private Bag 6010 Napier 4142Disclaimers | Copyright | Privacy, Napier City Council - Copyright © 2020 Napier City Council, Disclaimers and Copyright Dec 12, 2013 - Highlights from the Photographic Collection of the 1931 Hawke's Bay Earthquake. With the water supply already disrupted by the earthquake, the Fire Brigade was rendered virtually powerless, despite earnest attempts to bring water from the sea (McGregor, 1998). Barrells located in prominent places were kept filled for householders who collected water in jugs and buckets (Shaw & Hallett, 1987). Some of the information available in this site is from the New Zealand Public domain and supplied by relevant Applications for shops far exceeded the number available so occupants were selected by ballot (Campbell, 1975). While some Napier townsfolk were sheltering in tents on the Marine Parade beach and other open spaces (Wright, 2001), the tent town in Nelson Park served as the official evacuation centre for Napier (McGregor, 1998). Nine students died in the wreckage of Napier Technical College and seven at the Marist Seminary in Greenmeadows. Ten days later, a huge 7.3 aftershock caused more damage. This was exacerbated by summer drought conditions (McGregor, 1998). When the Commissioners began the restoration of the CBD, they consulted the Napier Reconstruction Committee, an organisation with representatives from local authorities, business and the professions, whose job was to investigate numerous reconstruction needs. At 10.47am, 85 years ago today (3 February 1931) a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck the bustling city of Napier, and surrounding areas, in Hawke's Bay. A tanker at sea felt a violent vibration, and the seamen on board looked to the shore to see Napier covered by a cloud of rising dust. The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, which had a magnitude of about 8, killed more than 250 people and destroyed much of central Napier and Hastings. We have 8 articles, related to Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake. Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake. The earthquake ultimately had some positive outcomes: the 2.7-m uplift drained much of Ahuriri Lagoon, making land available for farms, industry, housing and Napier Airport; and much of central Napier was rebuilt in an art deco style which would begin to attract tourists half a century later. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. 2. Four months later, Barton promised that 130 shops would be ready by the end of the year and requested that businesses in Tin Town be ready to leave their temporary premises as soon as new ones were made available. On 17 February, a moratorium was placed on the rebuilding of any business premises until further notice, in order to allow time for the rational planning of a new CBD for Napier (McGregor, 1998). Clouds of choking white powdery dust rose into the air from crumbled mortar and shattered concrete (McGregor, 1998; Wright, 2001). Letter from Frank Logan to Newcastle post the earthquake. At 7.00 a.m. HMS Veronica slowly steamed into Port Ahuriri, the old port of Napier, now used for coastal shipping and other small craft. April 8, 1931. Image: LEARNZ. Opened at McLean Park by the Governor General, Lord Bledisloe, the carnival's events included band contests, processions, race meetings and bowling tournaments (Campbell, 1975). Initially, women and children were to be sent while the men were expected to stay and help out (Shaw and Hallett, 1987). A Government loan of £10,000 provided for the building of 32 temporary business premises in Clive Square and 22 professional offices in Memorial Square (Shaw and Hallett, 1987). They were not hurt. Portions of the information and material on this site, including data, pages, documents, online On February 13th, 10 days later, there was a large 7.3 magnitude aftershock that contributed to the heavy damage in the region. 200. Napier Earthquake 1931 The Napier earthquake occurred at 10:47am on Tuesday, 3 February 1931. It was over in a few moments and I climbed back to the concrete. The convoy was comprised of 4 officers and 27 men with 500 bell tents, 12,680 blankets, and equipment to set up a field kitchen able to cater for 1000 people in Nelson Park. How big and how long did the earthquake last for? Designed by Natusch and Son and approved in December 1930, it would have been built regardless of the disaster (Wright, 2001). "The replacement or re-establishment of public, private or government institutions or departments, businesses [and] industries street widening, town planning, building [locations and] architectural design" (Campbell, 1975:149). Napier's recovery continued with the completion of the first wing of the Hawke's Bay Museum, in 1937, and the opening of the new Municipal Theatre the following year. It wasn't until that afternoon that the fires finally died out and the destruction could be assessed (McGregor, 1998). Events Archival audio: Gordon Amner recalls the 1931 Hawkes Bay earthquake. In Na… People ran down Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explosion on the boat, but saw the wharf shaking and houses and other buildings crumbling down. Napier's 1931 earthquake caused widespread devastation and left thousands of quake refugees dispersed across the North Island until it was safe to return. 200. 3. We mourn the passing of Mr Robinson on Xmas day 2010. 4. This was exacerbated by summer drought conditions (McGregor, 1998). These sites show how the landscape of the region has been forever altered. No work was too dangerous for the "bluejackets". The 8.3 magnitude Hawke's Bay Earthquake hits New Zealand on February 3rd at 10:47 AM. Two naval cruisers arrived from Auckland on the 4th with medical personnel and supplies. It lasted for 2 and a half minutes and measured 7.8 on the Richter scale. Fire broke out shortly after in the townships of Napier and Hastings destroying what the earthquake had not. The official death toll was 256. Consequently, many businessmen, already bound by heavy pre-quake mortgages found themselves unable to rebuild (McGregor, 1998). Erected by the Fletcher Construction Company, and popularly referred to as Tin Town, the extensive corrugated iron complex opened on 16 March 1931. In terms of loss of life (at least 256), it remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand. Number of people that died in napier. The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). the earth heaved upwards and swayed (McGregor, 1998). That same year the landmark Temperance & General (T&G) Insurance Company building was constructed on the corner of Emerson Street and Marine Parade. 1905, All Blacks' non-try hands Wales historic win, Home These strictly monitored loans were, however, generally too small to meet building costs, let alone the expense of fittings and new stock. 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Nevertheless, it gave me a feeling of insecurity and a peculiar sickening sensation which must be experienced to be understood. Although some businesses had already re-established themselves, there was a real concern that hasty reconstruction would result in shoddy buildings and that the urgent clearing of debris might be hindered. Administered by the Lands Department, these "were designed to overcome difficulties about boundaries of properties which [had] been moved by the earthquake" (NCC, Report of Committee of Management: p.16). accurate and up to date, Napier City Council shall not be liable for any loss suffered through the use, directly or indirectly, of information on this website. Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explosion on board, but then saw th… After the earthquake all buildings in Napier were required to have such verandas in order to keep the street kerbs clear of obstructions (Campbell, 1975:149). Alvin looks at old sea shells that were once underwater before being uplifted during the 1931 Napier earthquake. From these shops the fire spread into adjoining buildings, and by mid afternoon, the town was completely ablaze. The 7.8-magnitude quake was followed by fires which gutted central Napier. As buildings began to disintegrate, many people fled outdoors into a lethal rain of chunks from ornate facades, parapets and cornices. Top: A view showing the cleared site of the well-known Masonic Hotel. - Before and After). Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Ruins of the Napier nurses’ home following the earthquake (Alexander Turnbull Library, 1/2-002952-F), New Zealand disasters timeline – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay earthquake images – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay's big shake - roadside stories – New Zealand disasters timeline, National Tobacco Company Building – 100 New Zealand Places, Hawke's Bay earthquake (Hastings District Libraries), New Zealand disasters: Napier earthquake (Chch City Libraries), Hawke's Bay earthquake (1966 encyclopaedia), Napier severely damaged by 1931 earthquake. To stay to help with searches, demolition and clean-up work this town noted for its or! Out in Napier ’ s business district shortly after the first New to. Seven at the Marist Seminary in Greenmeadows able-bodied men were required to stay to with... 10 days later, there was a large 7.3 magnitude aftershock that contributed to the Sunbay, or seaward,! 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